The hottest review of China's printing industry in

2022-08-22
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Looking back on the three-year history of China's printing industry after its accession to the WTO, China officially joined the World Trade Organization on January 1, 2002. Time flies, time flies, and three years have passed in a blink of an eye. Three years ago, in the cry of "the wolf is coming" in some media, many enterprises were also excited, worried and pessimistic to varying degrees due to their lack of in-depth understanding of China's accession to the WTO. In our printing industry, there is more worry than excitement, and more pessimism than optimism. Three years later, what changes have taken place in China's printing industry? Looking back on the past three years, we can see with pleasure that China's accession to the WTO has played a great role in promoting China's further reform and opening up and socialist economic construction, especially in foreign trade, which has made great progress, exceeding people's expectations

like other industries, China's printing industry has deepened its reform and expanded its opening-up after joining the world trade organization to further meet the requirements of the market economy; At the same time, with the rapid development of China's economic construction, the printing industry has achieved sustainable development. In the past three years, the printing management system has undergone historic changes, the printing management system has been more perfect, the ownership of printing enterprises is diverse, the printing technology has reached a new level, the total printing volume has increased significantly, and the whole industry is still showing a thriving scene

first, major changes have taken place in the management system

in order to adapt to China's accession to the WTO, integrate with the world economy, promote the in-depth development of China's socialist market economy, and transform government functions, in the mechanical reform of the State Council, which began in 2002, the licensing agencies, Xinhua bookstores, and printing plants belonging to the publishing system for more than 50 years have been decoupled from the General Administration of publishing, China Publishing Group and China printing group are formed respectively, and are headed by the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee and SASAC respectively. The decoupling of government agencies from enterprises and the separation of publishing, distribution and printing has been a historic change in the past 50 years

subsequently, the publishing bureaus of all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government followed the practice of the General Administration of publication of the people's Republic of China, decoupling the original publishing houses, Xinhua bookstores, and printing plants, and establishing a publishing group company and a printing group company, which are respectively in charge of the publicity department and the Industrial Economic Department of the provincial, autonomous region, and municipal Party committees. At present, more than half of the publishing bureaus of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government have completed the decoupling from publishing, distribution and printing enterprises and institutions

at the same time, some military printing plants have also been moved to local areas to implement the separation of military and enterprise. Some have joined local publishing groups, some have joined local printing groups, and some have broken regional boundaries and been acquired by relevant units, such as Shandong Jinan 7213 factory, Nanjing 7214 factory, Fujian 7228 factory, Shaanxi 7226 factory (all military printing factories) which were "acquired" by the people's society

there are also foundry workers who break the boundaries of system, ownership and laboratory machine manufacturers, which refer to the professional boundaries of operating and manufacturing machinery and equipment and auxiliary tools to jointly establish new enterprise groups, such as the former Chengdu Military Region printing plant (plant 7234) and Sichuan Xinhua color printing plant affiliated to Sichuan Provincial Publishing Bureau, as well as the private packaging and printing enterprise Jiuxing packaging and printing company, to jointly establish new printing enterprises through complementary advantages and resource integration, It has become a printing enterprise with abundant funds, advanced technology and broad market in Sichuan Province, and is one of the largest printing enterprises in Sichuan Province

through the above-mentioned reforms, the previous management system of publishing and printing industry has undergone major changes, making the batch of printing enterprises out of the embrace of planned economy and industry protection, and moving towards the market, operating independently, bearing their own profits and losses, self-discipline and self-development

Second, the management system has been further improved

after China's accession to the WTO, China has further implemented opening-up, attracting more foreign investors to invest and set up factories in China. At the same time, with the rapid development of China's economic construction and the continuous improvement of people's living standards, the rapid growth of foreign import and export trade is bound to bring a huge market to books, newspapers and periodicals printing and packaging and decoration printing. Printing plants of various categories and ownership are bound to emerge as the times require, and the number is growing rapidly

facing the new situation of the development of China's printing industry after China's entry into the WTO, it is urgent that we must strengthen management, take advantage of the situation, and ensure the healthy and orderly development of China's printing industry

in order to adapt to the new situation of the development of the printing industry after China's accession to the WTO, the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council, the General Administration of publishing, the State Administration for Industry and commerce, the Ministry of public security and other departments together, through repeated investigation and research from up to down, left to right, and repeatedly soliciting opinions from all sides, formulated the "Regulations on the administration of the printing industry", which was promulgated and implemented by order No. 315 of the State Council on August 2, 2001. The implementation of this regulation is of milestone significance for strengthening the management of China's printing industry

first of all, with the company's new needs for the rapidity, simplicity, and reliability of level switches, the regulations clearly stipulates for the first time that the publishing Administration Department of the State Council is in charge of the supervision and administration of the printing industry nationwide. It has changed the previous chaotic situation that the publication administration was in charge of publication printing, the light industry department was in charge of packaging and decoration printing, and other printed materials were supervised and managed by industry and commerce, public security and other departments, often resulting in multiple departments, decentralized management, and unclear rights and responsibilities

Secondly, the regulations also stipulates that local people's governments at or above the county level, public security departments, and industrial and commercial administrative departments have other relevant departments responsible for the supervision and administration of the printing industry within their respective areas of responsibility. This regulation has changed the phenomenon of having a head (Publishing Bureau) and a body (Provincial Publishing Bureau) without legs in the previous management system. This provides an organizational guarantee for strengthening the supervision and management of the printing industry

Thirdly, the regulations have made a series of provisions for the business activities of the national printing industry and the punishment of illegal acts, further standardizing the printing business activities and providing rules for supervision and management

on this basis, the General Administration of publication also formulated the "provisions on the administration of printing of printed materials", and in combination with the new situation, formulated the verification system, registration system, storage system, printing system, printing delivery system, and the destruction system of defective products in printing activities, making the management of printing business activities more standardized and specific

Fourthly, in order to meet the needs of further opening up after China's entry into the WTO, better attract foreign investment, absorb advanced technology and management, and strengthen the management of foreign-funded enterprises, the General Administration of publication and the Ministry of foreign trade and economic cooperation formulated the Interim Provisions on the establishment of foreign-invested printing enterprises in January 2002. It not only facilitates foreign investors to invest and set up factories, but also strengthens the management of foreign-funded printing enterprises

the management system of printing business activities has been continuously refined and improved, which has played an important role in standardizing printing business activities, cracking down on illegal business activities, safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of printing operators, ensuring the healthy and orderly development of the printing industry, and promoting the construction of spiritual and material civilization in China

in practice over the past three years, we can be happy to see that since the promulgation of the regulations on the administration of the printing industry, although there are still many cases of violations of laws and regulations, compared with the past, the business activities of China's printing industry are healthier and orderly than in the past, and major cases are greatly reduced. (to be continued)

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